Taine, Hippolyte


Taine, Hippolyte
(1828-1893)
   literary critic, philosopher, historian
   One of the leading exponents of positivism, Hippolyte Taine was born in Vouziers, Ardennes, and was educated in Paris at the Collège Bourbon and the École normale. In one of his first works, Les Philosophes français du xixe siècle (1857), he questioned the eclectic approach of victor cousin and proposed instead the application of scientific methodology to the study of history and human nature. Taine's works have a coherent unity based on rigorous and systematic research, in which he sought to uncover in human groups, milieus (geographic and social), and time (historical evolution), the most important factors in explaining literary and artistic expression, As a literary critic and philosopher, he wrote La Fontaine et ses faibles (1853-1861), Essais de critique et d'histoire (1858), and Histoire de la littérature anglaise (1864), in which he applied his theories to the psychological and physical factors affecting the development of English literature. Taine's lectures on aesthetics and art history, collected in Philosophie de l'art (1882), applied the same methodology. Influenced by étienne condillac, J. S. Mill, and A. Bain, he presented in De l'intelligence (1870) a sensualist and associationalist theory. Finally, in Les Origines de la France contemporaine (1876-93), he attempted, in the aftermath of the franco-prussian war and the Paris commune, to discover the causation for those events and for the extreme centralization of political power in France, which he believed to be the cause of its modern political instability. Taine was elected to the Académie Française in 1878.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Taine, Hippolyte — ▪ French critic and historian Introduction born April 21, 1828, Vouziers, Ardennes, France died March 5, 1893, Paris  French thinker (literary criticism), critic (art criticism), and historian (historiography), one of the most esteemed exponents… …   Universalium

  • Taine,Hippolyte Adolphe — Taine (tān, tĕn), Hippolyte Adolphe. 1828 1893. French philosopher and historian who was a leading exponent of positivism and wrote the six volume Origins of Contemporary France (1875 1893). * * * …   Universalium

  • Taine, Hippolyte (-Adolphe) — (21 abr. 1828, Vouziers, Ardennes, Francia–5 mar. 1893, París). Pensador, crítico e historiador francés. Ya de joven concluyó que el conocimiento debía basarse en la experiencia de los sentidos, la observación y la experimentación científica,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Taine, Hippolyte (-Adolphe) — born April 21, 1828, Vouziers, Ardennes, France died March 5, 1893, Paris French thinker, critic, and historian. Taine came to believe as a youth that knowledge must be based on sense experience, observation, and controlled experiment, a… …   Universalium

  • TAINE, HIPPOLYTE ADOLPHE —    an eminent French critic and historian, born at Vouziers, in Ardennes; after some years of scholastic drudgery in the provinces returned to Paris, and there, by the originality of his critical method and brilliancy of style soon took rank… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Hippolyte Taine — avec son chat. Hippolyte Adolphe Taine, né à Vouziers le 21 avril 1828 et mort à Paris le 5 mars 1893, est un philosophe et historien français. Sommair …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Taine — Hippolyte Taine Hippolyte Taine avec son chat. Hippolyte Adolphe Taine est un philosophe et historien français, né à Vouziers (Ardennes) le 21 avril 1828, mort à Paris le 5 mars 1893 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Hippolyte Taine — con un gato. Hippolyte Adolphe Taine (Vouziers, Ardenas, 21 de abril de 1828 – París, 5 de marzo de 1893) fue un filósofo, crítico e historiador francés; es considerado uno de los principales teóricos del naturalismo. Biografía …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hippolyte Taine — Hippolyte Adolphe Taine (* 21. April 1828 in Vouziers; † 5. März 1893 in Paris) war ein französischer Philosoph, Historiker und Kritiker. Er lehrte an der École nationale supérieure des beaux arts de Paris, der Militärschule Saint Cyr und in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Taine — Hippolyte Taine Hippolyte Adolphe Taine (* 21. April 1828 in Vouziers; † 5. März 1893 in Paris) war ein französischer Philosoph, Historiker und Kritiker. Er lehrte an der École des Beaux Arts, der …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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